Greece is located at the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea. Its territory includes hundreds of islands in the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean seas, whereas only 227 of these islands are inhabited. Greece is 80 % covered in mountain areas, with its highest point being Mount Olympus at 2 917m. As of 2012, the most important parts of Greece’s economy were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (23.2 %), public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (21.2 %) and real estate activities (16.7 %). Main export partners of Greece are Turkey, Italy and Germany, while Greece’s main partners for import is Russia, Germany and Italy.

Capital : Athens

Geographical size : 131 957 km2

Population : 11 123 034 (2012)

Population as % of total EU population : 2.2 % (2012)

GDP€ 193.347 trillion (2012)

Official EU language(s) : Greek

Political systemParliamentary republic

EU member country since : 1 January 1995

Seats in the European Parliament : 18

Currency : Euro, member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member : Yes, since 28 April 1995

Presidency of the CouncilAustria has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice : in 1998 and 2006. The next time will be in 2019

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